Bugs & Buds
 Native Orchid Species of Singapore
Situated at 1o north of the equator, right in the middle of South East Asia, Singapore has a typical equatorial climate. It used to be covered in luxuriant rainforest with various habitats such as the low land dipterocarp forest, secondary forests, mangroves, swamp forests, grassland and wasteland. 226 orchid species represented by some 60 genera were recorded in Singapore. About 75% of the country’s orchids are epiphytes and the rest are terrestrials.
It has many interesting species among the native orchids, including, one of the longest orchid plants, the climber, Vanilla griggithii; the largest orchid plant in the world, Grammatophyllum speciosum; one “leafless” genus, Taeniophyllum; and several “Jewels” such as Anoectochilus and Nephelaphyllum, etc

Acriopsis liliifolia

Appendicula anceps

Arundina gramminifolia

Bromheadia finlaysoniana


Bulbophyllum medusae

Bulbophyllum vaginatum

Bulbophyllum lepidum

Bulbophyllum purpurascens
Bulbophyllum membranaceum

Bulbophyllum lobbii

Bulbophyllum patens

Bulbophyllum gracillimum

Bulbophyllum blumei
[Synonym: Bulb. cuspidilingue]


Cirrhopetalum concinnum


Coelogyne tomentosa

Coelogyne pandurata


Dendrobium singaporense

Dendrobium crumenatum

Dendrobium leonis

Dendrobium concinnum
Dendrobium lamellatum
Stems shaped like a flattened club. Flowers last for for about 7 days 
Dendrobium pulchellum

Dendrobium secundum
Extinct from the wild of Singapore, it's leafless stem bears numerous-flowered inflorescence. The inflorescence are arranged along one side of the pseudobulb. This resembles a bottle brush; hence the common name "bottle brush orchid"
Dendrobium subulatum 
Dendrobium acerosum
Dendrobium aloifollum
Dendrobium indivisum
Dendrobium grande
Dendrobium pachyphyllum
Eria javanica
Extinct from the wild of Singapore. Plants of this inconspicuous species grow in large clumps. A healthy plant can bear inflorescence as long as 40 cm, each with more than 40 flowers. The short-lived creamy white flowers are 4 cm across and have a light fragrance.
Eria panneae
Eria pulchella
Eulophia graminea
A very hardy plant, common in Singapore, it can be found among grasses in wasteland 


Flickingeria comata
An extinct species from the wild of Singapore 

Cymbidium finlaysonianum
An epiphytes, it can still be found in some natural areas. The species grows around the tree trunk and its leaves are arranged in a form of basket


Grammatophyllum speciosum
Also known as Tiger Orchid. A mature plant weighs over one tone, making it the largest orchid plant in the world. More than 30 flowers can be borne on the 2-m-long inflorescence. Individual flowers are 10 cm across.
Phalaenopsis conu cervi
An extinct species from the wild of Singapore
Pomatocalpa latifolia
Phaius tankervilliae
Also called nun's-hook orchid, the first tropical orchid flowered in England

Spathoglottis plicata
The most common terrestrial orchid of Singapore. It can be frequently seen in open area in the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and the Central Catchment area

Thrixspermum calceolus 
This wide-spread species is one of the semi-aquatic orchids whose lower half is submerged in water. The flowers are about 3 cm across.

Taeniophyllum obtusum
the “leafless” orchid, the stems of these plants are greatly reduced and covered by scale like leaves. The fleshy photosynthetic roots spread over the bark of its host tree. It can be found near swampy area in Singapore
Vanilla griffithii
An epiphytic climber found in the Upper Pierce Reservoir

Bulbophyllum trifolium





Cymbidium bicolor spp. pubescens

Coelogyne mayeriana 

Eulophia spectabilis


Galeola nudifolia


Liparis ferruginea


Plocoglottis javanica


Robiquetia spathulata


Taeniophyllum obtusum

 Thrixspermum trichoglotis
Thrixspermum amplexicaule
Thrixspermum amplexicaule (Thrixspermum lilacinum)
Thrixspermum notabile
Thrixspermum ridleyanum
Thrixspermum amplexicaule