Bugs & Buds
bugsnbuds@yahoo.com
 
  
 Native Orchid Species of Singapore
 
Situated at 1o north of the equator, right in the middle of South East Asia, Singapore has a typical equatorial climate. It used to be covered in luxuriant rainforest with various habitats such as the low land dipterocarp forest, secondary forests, mangroves, swamp forests, grassland and wasteland. 226 orchid species represented by some 60 genera were recorded in Singapore. About 75% of the country’s orchids are epiphytes and the rest are terrestrials.
 
It has many interesting species among the native orchids, including, one of the longest orchid plants, the climber, Vanilla griggithii; the largest orchid plant in the world, Grammatophyllum speciosum; one “leafless” genus, Taeniophyllum; and several “Jewels” such as Anoectochilus and Nephelaphyllum, etc
 
 
 
 

Acriopsis liliifolia


Appendicula anceps


Arundina gramminifolia





Bromheadia finlaysoniana





 
 
 
 
 
 

Bulbophyllum medusae

Bulbophyllum vaginatum

Bulbophyllum lepidum

Bulbophyllum purpurascens
 
 
Bulbophyllum membranaceum


Bulbophyllum lobbii

Bulbophyllum patens

Bulbophyllum gracillimum
 

Bulbophyllum blumei
[Synonym: Bulb. cuspidilingue]







 
 
 

Cirrhopetalum concinnum







 
 
 

Coelogyne tomentosa


Coelogyne pandurata



 
 
 

Dendrobium singaporense
 

Dendrobium crumenatum
 

Dendrobium leonis
 

Dendrobium concinnum
 
Dendrobium lamellatum
Stems shaped like a flattened club. Flowers last for for about 7 days 
 
Dendrobium pulchellum
 
 
 

Dendrobium secundum
Extinct from the wild of Singapore, it's leafless stem bears numerous-flowered inflorescence. The inflorescence are arranged along one side of the pseudobulb. This resembles a bottle brush; hence the common name "bottle brush orchid"
 
 
Dendrobium subulatum 
 
Dendrobium acerosum
 
 
Dendrobium aloifollum
 
 
Dendrobium indivisum
 
 
Dendrobium grande
 
Dendrobium pachyphyllum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eria javanica
Extinct from the wild of Singapore. Plants of this inconspicuous species grow in large clumps. A healthy plant can bear inflorescence as long as 40 cm, each with more than 40 flowers. The short-lived creamy white flowers are 4 cm across and have a light fragrance.
 
Eria panneae
 
Eria pulchella
 
 
 
Eulophia graminea
A very hardy plant, common in Singapore, it can be found among grasses in wasteland 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Flickingeria comata
An extinct species from the wild of Singapore 

 
 
Cymbidium finlaysonianum
An epiphytes, it can still be found in some natural areas. The species grows around the tree trunk and its leaves are arranged in a form of basket
 
 

 
 
 

Grammatophyllum speciosum
Also known as Tiger Orchid. A mature plant weighs over one tone, making it the largest orchid plant in the world. More than 30 flowers can be borne on the 2-m-long inflorescence. Individual flowers are 10 cm across.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Phalaenopsis conu cervi
An extinct species from the wild of Singapore
 
Pomatocalpa latifolia
 
 
Phaius tankervilliae
Also called nun's-hook orchid, the first tropical orchid flowered in England

 
 
 
 
Spathoglottis plicata
The most common terrestrial orchid of Singapore. It can be frequently seen in open area in the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and the Central Catchment area

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thrixspermum calceolus 
This wide-spread species is one of the semi-aquatic orchids whose lower half is submerged in water. The flowers are about 3 cm across.
 


Taeniophyllum obtusum
the “leafless” orchid, the stems of these plants are greatly reduced and covered by scale like leaves. The fleshy photosynthetic roots spread over the bark of its host tree. It can be found near swampy area in Singapore
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vanilla griffithii
An epiphytic climber found in the Upper Pierce Reservoir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Bulbophyllum trifolium

 
 

 
 
 
 

 

 
 

Cymbidium bicolor spp. pubescens

 
 
 
Coelogyne mayeriana 
 

Eulophia spectabilis

 
 

Galeola nudifolia

 
 

Liparis ferruginea

 
 

Plocoglottis javanica

 
 

Robiquetia spathulata

 
 

Taeniophyllum obtusum

 
 
 Thrixspermum trichoglotis
 
Thrixspermum amplexicaule
 
 
Thrixspermum amplexicaule (Thrixspermum lilacinum)
 
 
 
 
Thrixspermum notabile
 
Thrixspermum ridleyanum
 
Thrixspermum amplexicaule