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 Orchid Species of South East Asia

Orchid family is probably the largest flowering plant family, lager than the grass family (Poacaeae). There are an estimated 25,000 to 30,000 species of orchid worldwide and, of them, more than 10,000 species are found in South East Asia. Flowers of these orchid species come in many sizes, shapes and colours, and the plants themselves are almost equally diverse. This page shows some of the orchid species found in South East Asia ("SEA").
[Some of these species are available in Gardens by the Bay Gift Shop]

Acriopsis liliifolia
[A. javanica]
Most part of SEA
Roots and leaves have been used to treat fevers in Malaysia.


Appendicula anceps

Maritime SEA
Low land species

Appendicula Undulata

Southern Thailand & part of Malay Peninsula
Arundina gramminifolia

Most part of SEA
A terrestrial that can be frequently seen in open area in the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and the Central Catchment area. It is also known as "bamboo orchid" because of its slender bamboo-like leaves. The size of the flower varies considerably, ranging from 4 cm to 8 cm wide.

Bromheadia finlaysoniana

S. Mainland SEA, Sumatra & Borneo
This terrestrial species grows in peaty, sandy or swampy soils in open well-lit areas


Bulbophyllum auratum
Malay Peninsula, Sumatra & Borneo

Bulbophyllum blumei
[Synonym: Bulb. cuspidilingue]


Bulbophyllum falcatum
(Non-SEA native species)

Bulbophyllum gracillimum

Maritime SEA
Bulbophyllum grandiflorum

Sumatra, sulawesi and moluccas

Bulbophyllum lepidum
[Venus Fan Bulbophyllum]

Mainland SEA, Sumatra & Borneo
Lowland species


Bulbophyllum lobbii

Western part of Mainland SEA & Borneo

Subsp. Bulb. siamense

Usually found growing on tree trunks and branches in the forest. The flowers have a spicy scent.
Bulbophyllum makoyanum
Philippines & Borneo

Bulbophyllum membranaceum
Maritime SEA
Among the smallest native orchids, it has very small flowers, 6 mm long that do not open completely.

Bulbophyllum medusae

Western part of Maritime SEA
An extinct species from the wild of Singapore. The inflorescence consist of about 15 creamy yellow flowers arranged in a fan-shaped whorl or in a circle at the tip of the flower stalk. When the flowers are seen from afar, the lateral sepals look like silk threads hanging on the tree.

Bulbophyllum patens

Flowers have highly modified straight lip and lightly scented.
Bulbophyllum purpurascens
Western part of Maritime SEA

Bulbophyllum romyi

Bulbophyllum vaginatum

Often seen on the branches of Rain Trees. They usually cover an extensive area of a branch and present a spectacular sight during full bloom. About 15 of creamy yellow flowers arrange in a fan-shaped whorl or in a circle at the tip of the scape.

Coelogyne pandurata

Sumatra, Malay peninsula and Borneo
The flower of this species is characterised by its clear apple-green petals and sepals. The lip is conspicuously marked with black venations.

Coelogyne papilosa

Highland species

Coelogyne tomentosa

Western part of Maritime SEA
The plant produces a long, pendulous raceme bearing about 30 flowers which give off strong fragrance.

Cirrhopetalum concinnum
[Bulbophyllum trigonopus]

S Thailand, Malay Peninsula & Borneo
Dendrobium acerosum
Most part of SEA

Dendrobium aloifolium
Most part of SEA



Dendrobium babiense


Dendrobium bracteosum
Eastern part of Maritime SEA


Dendrobium cannaliculatum abba

Dendrobium concinnum


Dendrobium cruentum
Southern Thailand

Dendrobium crumenatum

The flower buds look like little pigeons and thus Dendrobium crumenatum gets its common name, "pigeon orchid". Dendrobium crumenatum, is the most common epiphyte in Singapore. It can be seen on many roadside trees. It flowers 9 days after a heavy rainstorm.


Dendrobium discolor


Dendrobium ellipsophyllum
Mainland SEA


Dendrobium grande
Borneo & southern Thailand


Dendrobium indivisum
Most part of SEA



Dendrobium lamellatum
Western part of Maritime SEA


Dendrobium leonis

S. Mainland SEA & W. Maritime SEA
An extinct species from the wild of Singapore. Its flowers are only 1.5 cm across. They have a extremely sweet vanilla-like fragrance which can be detected from a distance of 5 m.


Dendrobium lunatum
Philippines (Palawan)


Dendrobium oligophyllum
Southern Mainland SEA




Dendrobium pachyphyllum
Western parts of Mainland & Maritime SEA

Dendrobium singaporense

Southern Thailand, Peninsula Malaya, Sumatra and Borneo
Named after Singapore, one of the area where the species was found. The fragrant flowers do not open widely. They last for a few days.


Eria obesa
Western part of Mainland SEA



Eria pulchella
Most part of Maritime SEA


Eulophia graminea
Most part of SEA


Flickingeria commata


Grammatophyllum speciosum
Maritime SEA

Common name: Tiger Orchid
World's largest orchid, plant weighs over 2 tons

Liparis latifolia
Maritime SEA


Lockhartia lunifera
(Non-native species)


Oberonia mucronata
Maritime SEA


Papilionanthe teres
Mainland SEA & Indonesia
(Parent of Vanda Miss Joaquim)


Papilionanthe tricuspidata
Alor Islands (Indonesia)


Pelatantheria insectifera
Western part of Mainland SEA


Phaius tankervilliae
Most part of SEA

Phalaenopsis aphrodite
Eastern part of Maritime SEA


Phalaenopsis cornucorvi
W. Maritime SEA & part of Mainland SEA


Pomatocalpa latifolia