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 Orchid Species of South East Asia

 
Orchid family is probably the largest flowering plant family, lager than the grass family (Poacaeae). There are an estimated 25,000 to 30,000 species of orchid worldwide and, of them, more than 10,000 species are found in South East Asia. Flowers of these orchid species come in many sizes, shapes and colours, and the plants themselves are almost equally diverse. This page shows some of the orchid species found in South East Asia ("SEA").
 
[Some of these species are available in Gardens by the Bay Gift Shop]

 
Acriopsis liliifolia [A. javanica]Most part of SEA
Roots and leaves have been used to treat fevers in Malaysia.

 
 

 
 
Appendicula ancepsMaritime SEA
Low land species

 
 
Appendicula Undulata, Southern Thailand & part of Malay Peninsula

 
 
Arundina gramminifoliaMost part of SEA
A terrestrial that can be frequently seen in open area in the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and the Central Catchment area. It is also known as "bamboo orchid" because of its slender bamboo-like leaves. The size of the flower varies considerably, ranging from 4 cm to 8 cm wide.

 
 
Bromheadia finlaysoniana, S. Mainland SEA, Sumatra & Borneo
This terrestrial species grows in peaty, sandy or swampy soils in open well-lit areas

 
 
Bulbophyllum auratum, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra & Borneo

 
 
 
 
Bulbophyllum blumei [Synonym: Bulb. cuspidilingue]
 
 
 
Bulbophyllum falcatum (Non-SEA native species)
 
 
 
Bulbophyllum gracillimum, Maritime SEA
 
 
 
Bulbophyllum grandiflorumSumatra, sulawesi and moluccas

 
 
Bulbophyllum lepidum [Venus Fan Bulbophyllum], Mainland SEA, Sumatra & Borneo
Lowland species

 
 
Subsp. Bulb. siamense
 
Bulbophyllum lobbii, Western part of Mainland SEA & Borneo
Usually found growing on tree trunks and branches in the forest. The flowers have a spicy scent.

 
 
Bulbophyllum makoyanum, Philippines & Borneo

 
 
Bulbophyllum membranaceum, Maritime SEA
Among the smallest native orchids, it has very small flowers, 6 mm long that do not open completely.

 
 
Bulbophyllum medusae, Western part of Maritime SEA
An extinct species from the wild of Singapore. The inflorescence consist of about 15 creamy yellow flowers arranged in a fan-shaped whorl or in a circle at the tip of the flower stalk. When the flowers are seen from afar, the lateral sepals look like silk threads hanging on the tree.

 
 
 
 
Bulbophyllum patens
Flowers have highly modified straight lip and lightly scented.

 


 
 
 
Bulbophyllum purpurascens, Western part of Maritime SEA

 
 
Bulbophyllum romyi, Philippines

 
 
Bulbophyllum vaginatum, Thailand, Malay Peninsula and Borneo
Often seen on the branches of Rain Trees. They usually cover an extensive area of a branch and present a spectacular sight during full bloom. About 15 of creamy yellow flowers arrange in a fan-shaped whorl or in a circle at the tip of the scape.

 
 
Cirrhopetalum concinnum [Bulbophyllum trigonopus], S Thailand, Malay Peninsula & Borneo

 
 
 
 
Coelogyne pandurata, Sumatra, Malay peninsula and Borneo
The flower of this species is characterised by its clear apple-green petals and sepals. The lip is conspicuously marked with black venations.

 
 
Coelogyne papilosa, Borneo
Highland species

 
 
Coelogyne tomentosa, Western part of Maritime SEA
The plant produces a long, pendulous raceme bearing about 30 flowers which give off strong fragrance.

 
 
 
Cymbidium finlaysonianum, Malay peninsula, Sumatra & Philippines 

 
 
Dendrobium acerosumMost part of SEA

 
 
Dendrobium aloifoliumMost part of SEA

 
 
Dendrobium babiense, Borneo

 
 
Dendrobium bracteosum, Eastern part of Maritime SEA

 
 
Dendrobium cannaliculatum abba

 
 
Dendrobium concinnum, SEA
 
 
 
Dendrobium cruentum, Southern Thailand

 
 
Dendrobium crumenatum [Common name: Pigeon Orchid], SEA
The flower buds look like little pigeons and thus Dendrobium crumenatum gets its common name, "pigeon orchid". Dendrobium crumenatum, is the most common epiphyte in Singapore. It can be seen on many roadside trees. It flowers 9 days after a heavy rainstorm.

 
 
Dendrobium discolor, Indonesia

 
 
Dendrobium ellipsophyllum, Mainland SEA

 
 
Dendrobium grande, Borneo & southern Thailand

 
 
Dendrobium indivisum, Most part of SEA

 
 
Dendrobium lamellatum, Western part of Maritime SEA
Stem shaped like at flatten club. Flowers last for abt 7 days
 
 
 
Dendrobium leonis, S. Mainland SEA & W. Maritime SEA
An extinct species from the wild of Singapore. Its flowers are only 1.5 cm across. They have a extremely sweet vanilla-like fragrance which can be detected from a distance of 5 m.

 
 
 
 
Dendrobium lineale, New Guinea
Its cane-like pseudobulbs can grow up to 2m long and its inflorescences are up to 75cm in length
 
 
 
Dendrobium lowii, Sarawak & Borneo
 
 
 
Dendrobium lunatum, Philippines (Palawan)

 
 
Dendrobium officinale, S China, NE India, Thailand, Vietnam 
Its stem is used in traditional Chinese medicine 
 
 
 
Dendrobium oligophyllum, Southern Mainland SEA

 
 
Dendrobium (pending)

 
 
Dendrobium pandaneti, Thailand Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java & Borneo

 
 
Dendrobium pachyphyllum, Western parts of Mainland & Maritime SEA

 
 
Dendrobium singaporense, S Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo
Named after Singapore, one of the area where the species was found. The fragrant flowers do not open widely. They last for a few days.

 
 
Eria hyacinthoides, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra & Java

 
 
Eria obesa, Western part of Mainland SEA

 
 
Eria pulchella, Most part of Maritime SEA

 
 
Eulophia graminea, most part of SEA

 
 
Flickingeria commata, SEA

 
 
Grammatophyllum speciosum [Common name: Tiger Orchid], maritime SEA
World's largest orchid, plant weighs over 2 tons

 
 
Liparis latifolia, maritime SEA

 
 
Lockhartia lunifera (Non-native species)

 
 
Oberonia mucronata, Maritime SEA

 
 
Papilionanthe teresMainland SEA & Indonesia
Parent of Vanda Miss Joaquim

 
 
Pelatantheria insectifera, Western part of Mainland SEA

 
 
Phaius tankervilliae, most part of SEA

 
 
Phalaenopsis aphrodite, Eastern part of Maritime SEA

 
 
Phalaenopsis cornucorvi, W. Maritime SEA & part of Mainland SEA

 
 
Pomatocalpa latifolia