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 Vanda Miss Joaquim
Vanda Miss Joaquim 'Agnes' - National Flower of Singapore
One early morning in 1893, a Singapore-born Armenian lady, Miss Agnes Joaquim, was loitering alone in her garden. She chanced upon a new orchid flower nestled in a clump of bamboo. Its lacerated lips and delicate mauve petals made it stand out from other Vandas in her garden. As a horticulturist, Miss Joaquim knew that it could be a new species. She took it to the Director of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, Henry Ridley. Indeed, it was found to be a new orchid – a hybrid between Vanda hookerana and Vanda teres. It was also the world’s first known natural orchid hybrid. The orchid was then named after her. Vanda Miss Joaquim claimed the prize for being the rarest orchid in the 1899 Flower Show.
It came to shine again in 1981 when it was chosen as national flower. Born and bred in Singapore, its long association and economic contribution to Singapore has made Vanda Miss Joaquim truly deserving of this honour.

Papilionanthe teres
Papilionanthe hookeriana
Seed parent of Vanda Miss Joaquim, also known as Vanda teres.
Pollen parent of Vanda Miss Joaquim, more commonly known as Vanda hookeriana. Because it inhabits the swampy country in the Kinta Valley of Perak, it is also known as the "Kinta Weed".
Vanda Miss Joaquim is in a group of vandas characterized by its distinctive cylindrical terete leaves (like a pencil) and climbing growth habit. This group of vandas was separated from the genus Vanda in 1980's and regrouped under a new genus, Papilionanthe. However, horticulturally and for registration purpose, terete vandas are still considered to be vandas.
Encouraged by the success of Vanda Miss Joaquim, many breeders repeated the same crossing and produced many remarkable cultivars such as Vanda Miss Joaquim 'Douglas and Vanda Miss Joaquim "Josephine'
Vanda Miss Joaquim 'Douglas'
Vanda Miss Joaquim 'Josephine'


The splendour of the flora is now captured by our skillfully craftsmen in their most natural forms.